Monday, August 21, 2017
Eyeing Their Land, Will Govt Abolish Comunidades? – by Jose Maria Miranda
Saturday - Aug 12, 2017
Eyeing Their Land, Will Govt Abolish Comunidades? – by Jose Maria Miranda
Recently, in the Legislative Assembly, Pratap Singh Rane expressed the view that the Government should not be sentimental about Comunidades, as “sentiment means loss” and that “these old institutions have lived beyond their time”. He added that except for a few Comunidades, which have valuable land, most others, having just paddy fields, are making losses. Sixty-eight out of 90 Comunidades declared zero income for 2015-16 and only 21 distributed jonos in the last three years
 
Post 1961, Governments, particularly of Maharashtrawadi Gomantak, attempted at doing away with these institutions, which date back to pre-Portuguese times. Mr. Rane’s remarks in the Assembly brought back memories of his earlier stated position on the issue, when in  1975, a  Committee headed by him, as Chief  and Revenue Minister  had recommended  abolition of Comunidades, alleging that 73% of their income was lost due to  the Agricultural Tenancy (5th Amendment) Act 1976. According to this Act, all paddy fields of Comunidades, cultivated by tenants vested on the latter and these were no longer obligated to pay rent to Comunidades. Ignoring altogether the role that Comunidades played in promoting agriculture and farming in Goa, the Act was brought in perhaps to mortally hurt the Comunidades. It could not also be said that the aim was to eliminate elitist institutions, as OBCs and STs too were components of Comunidades. 
 
Though the terms of reference of the Committee were to examine the Code of Comunidades from the “point of view of present socio-economic situation and make suitable suggestions to the said Code”, the Committee, exceeding its brief, opined on the sustainability of the Comunidades due to further depletion of 25% of income being utilized for administrative expenses. It added that Comunidades have failed to bring virgin lands under cultivation.
 
However, several prominent Members of the Committee, like Eduardo Faleiro,  Prof. G.G. Bakhle and late Drs. Alvaro de Loyola Furtado and Maximo de Menezes strongly disagreed, putting in stringent notes of dissent – some lamenting the attempt to destroy “these souls of corporate life which even the Portuguese dominance did not succeed except in stunting their growth” and suggesting that they could be transformed into Farmers’ Cooperative societies, others questioning how tenants could be treated as having been vested with ownership rights, when they were only to be considered as ”deemed purchasers”. Some also regretted the undue interference of the Governments at that time, in the working of Comunidades, effecting changes through Circulars and Orders, without the authority of law.
 
The fundamental function of Communidades, as agricultural associations, was to implement measures necessary for the agricultural development of the area under their jurisdiction. During the Portuguese era, the Government often failed to earmark any expenditure for rural development and rested this burden on the shoulders of Comunidades. These undertook various social welfare activities for the benefit of rural society by aiding destitute women, widows and orphans, building and repairing schools, providing medical facilities during epidemics, maintaining of school teachers, divine cult, repairs of churches and cemeteries.
 
They contributed their mite in creating infrastructure and constructing roads, culverts, erecting dikes and embankments. Villages owed to their Comunidades in 18th & 19th centuries the net-work of public roads, the aqueducts of rain water and those for irrigation of rice-fields and areca-groves, draining of marshy lands, catchment of waters, etc. It is interesting to note that many of our existing roads from Cortalim to Cuncolim, via Margao and from there to Canacona & Cabo de Rama, Chicalim to Baradi, via coastal belt, Mormugao to Cortalim and many others were constructed with financial help of Comunidades.
 
 Senior components of Comunidades opine that for a very long time, the Government has been eyeing their lands, finding that it does not have a land bank, which it could use at his own free will.  Governments in free Goa have harmed Comunidades much more than the Portuguese did. Their autonomy has been eroded. The Government finds that Managing Committees are hurdles in their lust for land. Thus, the day may not be far off when the Government, particularly a greedy and autocratic like the present one, may pass a law taking over the Comunidades. It is, however, difficult to anticipate whether such a step will stand the test of law.
 
The strength of the healthy Comunidades lies in their land holdings, which have greatly diminished due to land reforms legislations and acquisitions as also encroachments, often overlooked, if not patronized by the Government and politicians. The TDR concept being floated might be a ray of hope, but its framework is still unknown. Land could also be their weakness and threat, being under the constant prying eyes of those in power. An outdated Code of Comunidades, lack of committed persons manning Administration offices and Managing Committees in several places (some having even defrauded the Comunidades) and indifference of gaunkars and shareholders are other weaknesses.
 
It is high time Comunidades re-invent themselves leaving the unpleasant past behind. Comunidades can survive only through consolidation, such as merger of non-functional ones with healthy ones. Comunidades could be promoted as vehicles to boost agricultural production. Developable land must be exploited to ensure recurring returns for the institution, without dilution of its stake.  Regaining lands lost to mass encroachments is the challenge. Comunidades could explore a role in new technologies including solar power generation.
 
Sentiment alone cannot keep Comunidades alive. New out-of-the-box solutions to turn them around into being partners in Goa’s progress are needed. With dedicated and energetic Comunidade activists this is surely possible and must be attempted.

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Comments (5)
Mel de Goa
Sunday - Aug 13, 2017
A classic example of debauchery by the original Goan Christian landowning class is Babush Da Monster rat TheRapist
From what I gather his family owned vast tracts of land in Dona Paula, Taleigao area.
How they acquired it I am not sure but looking at this evil piece of 5hit I doubt if they were moral whilst acquiring the same
What has he used it for? His intelligence is so subnormal that he could not even pass SSC and forged certificates
Imagine what must be the genetics of his ancestors, pathetic , as even slum children can pass SSC
He used his ancestral wealth or land owned to do all sorts of evil schemes, a true Hindi movie 420 villian , dealing in diamonds to hill cutting to loan sharking to hawala
Finally entered politics, after stabbing Somanth in the back and turned the beautiful Taleigao and Dona Paula into a concrete fortress, mostly sold to ghantis and people with black money
Has used part of his ill gotten wealth to buy the foolish poor, fisherfolks and slum dwellers. They can't fathom that in real terms, for every rupee the rapist gives them, he takes five back from them by his devious dealings. Just like his ancestors
Besides raping underage girls and other evil actions. This man has most likely an underlying antisocial personality disorder along with disgusting sexual perversions. One of the inspectors who arrested him for raping the minor Nepali gilr told me his body was covered with cuts and bruises, self inflicted? sadomasochistic tendencies?

So can I assume there are many such jokers from Christian land owning classes . Who have just been an evil influence on Goan Society and basically harmed poor Christian landless peasants.
Whose ancestors basically seized lands from the poor or by using their position in society and with the help of the Comunidades and the Church?
The Local Portuguese administration looked the other way, as they needed these bhatkars to control the masses.

So Senhor as you said, yes Comunidades did some good but it cant be all that good if ten percent of the population ended up owning ninety percent of the land, with little or no hard work or any intellectual capacity.
Babush us one such shining example, just like the light house shines across Dona Paula
pedro
Sunday - Aug 13, 2017
If we loose our land, it's because the fake country called India is ruling us. The Mother Tongue of Modi is Gujrathi, but wherever he goes he barks in Urdu/Hindi. Better known as a Bangi language.

By speaking Urdu/Hindi, as a PM of India is is insulting the 1,5 Billion Indians. For e.g the Konkani speaking people of GOA, the Tamils of the south and so on. If the only remaining identity of the GOans are gone, namely the Communidade land! Then what identity is left?
M.Barreto
Sunday - Aug 13, 2017
15th Aug 1195: Birth of Saint antonio(Anthony of Lisboa)
13th June 1231 : Saint Antonio died in Italy.
15th June 1231 : Sant Antonio was buried in Italy.

Goans please don't forgot the power of living God and his angels and Saints like Sant Antonio on his Birthday 15th Aug 2017,which is also the day of our mother mary's assumption into Heaven

Come together in groups/ Churches and Pray to mother Mary and Sant Antonio , on this important day for their intervention to protect Goa and Goan christians from Parrikar, Rane, MGP marathiis and other evil forces that want to destroy Goa and Goans.
Mel de Goa
Saturday - Aug 12, 2017
Look at Margao of the 70s and Madgaon today.
Who is to blame?
Who owned most of the land, in and around Margao?
Mostly owned by Catholic Brahmins 80%, few hindu gsb and a little Catholic chardos
Classic example was Borda, 90% of the land was owned by Catholic Brahmins
Who owned the land in the first place by cheating the layman. Through their control of the Church, local Portuguese administration and Comunidades, they literally seized most of the land for free. The poor layman were kept on these properties like bonded labour, a little more respected than animals. Many were kept in debt with high interest rates and in return their land and gold were seized. Sometimes even their women were abused and kept as servants and keeps.
Thankfully due to spread of education and without the shackes of religious ideologies, like the Hindu kala pani, many poor Christians fled from this oppression and went abroad.
In the 70-80s these same landowners have sold their properties to the highest bidder,Delhiwallahs or otherwise
Today Fatorda/Borda looks like a gulley of Mumbai and from a Catholic majority area it has become a Hindu non goan area, with an A hole real estate agent as its MLA
The land owning class have made millions, without doing a honest days work in their life and have a better lifestyle than those in London or Paris
They have still land salted away for future generations, all this needs a helping hand from Comunidades and a sympathetic Govt.
They are originally responsible for grabbing land, subjugating the poor,driving them out of Goa and then selling these lands to the ghantis.
In this the Church , ironically Jesus lived with the destitute, is an active and corrupt player.
What Goa really needs is for a criminal audit to be conducted on all Church properties and Comundades lands for the last 25 years
You will not find skeletons but a whole cemetry, tumbling out of the closet.
Sadly what Goan Catholics lacks is a genuine, well respected and moral leader like Jack Sequeira
We have the biggest jokers and haaramis in the whole country as catholic leaders, from rapist, to murderers to smugglers to molesters to real estate sharks , all as given below
Monster rat
Mauvin Godhinio
Victoria and Fille
Mickey mouse
Alemao & Colemaos
A joker bald lawyer, who withdraws if the amount is right
The list would go on, its real heart sinking
For a moment I thought A Lourenco was clean and had some morals. He just offered my cousin 1/2 offer, to convert his agricultural land but keep 50% of the profits!
In this hour we turn to the Church but most of the Church leaders have sold land, not their fathers but land belonging to the Church to Delhiwallahs and many support BJP!! Even God cant save Goa
Mel de goa
Saturday - Aug 12, 2017
Senhor

I wouldn't worry too much about the Government, they are a known devil
Me would be more worried about the unknown angels ie people looking after tha lands such as 'respected' members of the public and institutions such as the Church
Goans, specially Catholics,want to make fast,big and easy money
The avenues for the same are limited, except for land dealing, (ripping of tourists) tourism and fishing.
Eventually all the money made is either invested or reinvested into land deals and real estate
Most of Goas MLAs double up as real estate agents, even the fat,clean boy Lourenco does.
You see professionals like engineers & doctors barely earning a middle class salary whilst people involved in real estate make money in millions. I know one not so model citizen who spends most of his time in casinos, gambling away millions. From where does he get so much easy money? At least people like Alexio Sequeira could get it from Govt sources.
So in this background, nearly everyone in Goa is a real estate broker, even the Church.
Those who have access are doing it like hungry kids in a candy shop
Those who have no access to land, either moan and groan or go abroad, in their desire to make fast money
So either way they have sold Goa to the non Goan
Either directly by selling land or flats to outsiders or by going abroad and allowing Ghantis to fill in the gaps
Bcos every Catholic wants to be a bhakar, patrao.. with a big bungalow, a large verendah as big as his paunch and a thick gold chain to reach his belly button
Sometime I wish the Old Conquest areas( Bardez, Salcete, Tiswadi & Murmugao) were not developed at all. Or were as developed as Ranes developed their Satari( 😁)
We would be poor, but we would enjoy food, have strong communities and family bonds
Not like now, where one brother cannot tolerate the other and Goa to soon become Navi Mumbai or Navi Goa
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